6.4" Partial Southern Mammoth Molar - Hungary

This is a 6.4", section of fossil, Southern Mammoth (Mammuthus meridionalis) molar from Hungary. It is between eight hundred thousand and one million years old. This tooth shows eight prism (enamel surfaces) plates, cementum and dentin. This is the back portion of the tooth. This is indicated by the chewing surfaces. There are four worn plates that make up the chewing surface the plates after that, become the chewing surface as the front plates wear down. The front of the tooth is missing.

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Mammuthus meridionalis, or the southern mammoth, is an extinct species of mammoth endemic to Europe and central Asia from the Gelasian stage of the Early Pleistocene, living from 2.5–1.5 mya. With a height of about 4 m. (13 ft) and estimated weight of 8 to 10 tons, M. meridionalis is one of the largest proboscideans to have ever lived. Its molars had low crowns and a small number of thick enamel ridges, adapted to a woodland diet of leaves and shrubs. This indicates it lived on a relatively warm climate and probably lacked the dense fur of the more recent Woolly Mammoth.

Mammuthus meridionalis
6.4 x 4.9 x 3.4"
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