2.18" Fossil Early Ungulate (Dacrytherium?) Jaw - Quercy, France

This is a 2.18" wide jaw section (mandible) from an Eocene ungulate (Dacrytherium?). The tooth morphology appears representative of the genus, however abnormalities make identification unclear. The jaw contains 3 well-preserved teeth and one partial. There is a repaired crack through the middle of the jaw.

Dacrytherium was a small, herbivorous ungulate mammal. It was an artiodactyl, or "even-toed" ungulate, related to modern camels, giraffes, and deer. It was lower to the ground than its descendants, and had a long, thick tail. It was a generalist, eating any plants it could find in its habitat.

The Quercy Phosphorites Formation in France is world famous for its Eocene to Miocene faunas, especially those from the upper Eocene to lower Oligocene. The latter particularly helped to understand the ‘Grande Coupure’, a dramatic faunal turnover event that occurred in Europe during the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Fossils from the Quercy Phosphorites were excavated during the mid-19th century until the early 20th century from a series of sites that are no longer accessible. These fossils have subsequently dispersed between several research institutions, unfortunately losing some temporal and geographical information in the process. This material is part of an old collection we acquired that presumably was collected along with this material in the 19th or early 20th century. A recently published paper on the mammals of the Quercy Phosphorites can be found below.

The upper Eocene-Oligocene carnivorous mammals from the Quercy Phosphorites (France) housed in Belgian collections

Dacrytherium sp.?
Lot (Formerly Quercy), France
Quercy Phosphorites Formation
2.18" Wide
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