2.3" Dinosaur (Thescelosaurus) Caudal Vertebra - Montana

This is a 2.3" long caudal vertebra centrum of a dinosaur (Thescelosaurus), collected from the Late Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation in Fallon County, Montana. There are areas of the bone where fragments have chipped away and there are fractures along each end of the centrum. The fractures have been stabilized with glue, however there is no gap fill restoration to the vertebra.

Isolated vertebra from Thescelosaurus and Pachycephalosaurus can be difficult to distinguish between, however the pronounced horizontal ridge along the sides of the vertebra indicate this is very likely from Thescelosaurus.

Thescelosaurus was a small ornithopod dinosaur that appeared at the very end of the Late Cretaceous period in North America. The preservation and completeness of many of its specimens indicate that it may have preferred to live near streams. This bipedal ornithopod is known from several partial skeletons and skulls that indicate it grew to between 2.5 and 4.0 meters (8.2 to 13.1 ft) in length on average. It had sturdy hind limbs, small wide hands, and a head with an elongate pointed snout. The form of the teeth and jaws suggest a primarily herbivorous animal.

An artists reconstruction of Thescelosaurus. Creative Commons License
An artists reconstruction of Thescelosaurus. Creative Commons License

Because of its age and sedimentary composition, the Hell Creek Formation has become one of the most paleontologically studied areas in the world. 158 genera of animals and 64 genera of plants are known from the formation and new discoveries are made frequently. In addition to Tyrannosaurs, Ceratopsids, and Hadrosaurs, the formation has yielded remains of amphibians, reptiles, lizards, snakes and turtles, fish and sharks, avian and non-avian dinosaurs, and mammals. The Hell Creek Formation gives the most complete understanding of the environment just before the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction.
$115 $100
Thescelosaurus sp.
Fallon County, Montana
Hell Creek Formation
2.3 x 1.75 x 1.7"
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