3.9" Juvenile P4 Southern Mammoth Molar - Hungary

This 3.9" fossil molar is from a Southern Mammoth (Mammuthus meridionalis), from Hungary and is between eight hundred thousand and one million years old. This amazing example of a P4 molar. This tooth shows wear from use and fossilization. The prisms (hard enamel structures) are in good condition. The dentine and cementum are heavily worn but present. This specimen is from the right mandible of a juvenile animal.

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Mammuthus meridionalis, or the southern mammoth, is an extinct species of mammoth endemic to Europe and central Asia from the Gelasian stage of the Early Pleistocene, living from 2.5–1.5 mya. With a height of about 4 m. (13 ft) and estimated weight of 8 to 10 tons, M. meridionalis is one of the largest proboscideans to have ever lived. Its molars had low crowns and a small number of thick enamel ridges, adapted to a woodland diet of leaves and shrubs. This indicates it lived on a relatively warm climate and probably lacked the dense fur of the more recent Woolly Mammoth.

Mammuthus meridionalis
3.9" long, 2.4" tall
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