3 Cystoid Fossil (Holocystites) Plate - Indiana

 
 
This is 3 Silurian aged, fossil cystoids (Holocystites scutellatus) from the Osgood Shale, Indiana. Cystoids are an extinct echinoderm that attached themselves to the see floor by stalks. They are from the same phylum as starfish and sea urchins.

This specimen was microscopically cleaned using air abrasives and has been cut flat on three sides for preferred aesthetic presentation.

Cystoids extinct echinoderms similar to crinoids. They consist of a stalk, theca (body) and brachials (feeding arms). Most lived fixed to the seafloor but some were more mobile. Like modern echinoderms, cystoids were arranged in a five fold symmetric pattern and had a water vascular system. Unlike most echinoderms, Cystoids had triangular calcite plate at it body openings and its calcite plate had pores that are thought to have been for breathing.

Cystoids first appear in the Cambrian Period. They reach the peak in their diversity during the Ordivician and Silurian Periods. Cystoids die out at the end of the Devonian or early in the Carboniferous Period.

Cystoids resembled flowers but were in fact, animals. They had a stem that attached them to the seafloor, a theca, and brachials. The theca contained the vital organs of the Cystoid and was made up of calcite plated that formed a spherical or ovate body. The brachials were the feeding arms that extended from the top of the theca. These arms were arranged in three or five fold symmetry and funneled food to the mouth at their center. Cystoids and crinoids look similar but have some distinct differences. The main difference is in the shape of the main body of the organisms. Cystoids had a spherical or ovate theca, while crinoids had a cup shaped calyx. Cystoids also have triangular plates at body openings while crinoids had variably shaped plates.
FOR SALE
$75
DETAILS
SPECIES
Holocystites scutellatus
LOCATION
Napolean, Indiana
FORMATION
Osgood Shale
SIZE
4.7 x 3"
CATEGORY
SUB CATEGORY
ITEM
#106270
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