4.6" Partial Stegodon Molar - Indonesia

This is a 4.6" long, partial, fossil molar of a Stegodon. It was collected from Pleistocene aged deposits in Indonesia.

Stegodon is a genus of the extinct subfamily Stegodontinae of the order Proboscidea. In the past, Stegodonts were believed to be the ancestors of the true elephants and mammoths, but currently they are believed to have no modern descendants. Stegodonts were one of the largest proboscideans with some species reaching over 12 feet tall and weighing over 12 tons.

An artists reconstruction of a Stegodon. 
 Creative Commons License
An artists reconstruction of a Stegodon.
Creative Commons License

Stegodonts were present from 11.6 million years ago to the late Pleistocene. There are unconfirmed records of regional survival until 4,100 years ago. Fossils are found in Asian and African strata dating from the late Miocene. They lived in large parts of Asia, East and Central Africa and North America during the Pliocene and Pleistocene epochs.

Similar to modern-day elephants, stegodonts were likely good swimmers, as their fossils are frequently encountered on Asian islands (such as Sulawesi, Flores, Timor, Sumba in Indonesia; Luzon and Mindanao in the Philippines; Taiwan; and Japan), all locations not connected by land bridges with the Asian continent even during periods of low sea-level (during the cold phases of the Pleistocene).
Java, Indonesia
4.6" long, 3.6" wide
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