Rare, 2.75" Fossil Shark (Parotodus) Tooth - South Carolina

This is a rare, 2.75" long fossil Mackerel Shark tooth of the species Parotodus benedeni, collected from a river in South Carolina. These are found associated with the Megalodon teeth but are hundreds of times more rare to find.

Parotodus (or, the false mako shark), is an extinct genus of mackerel shark that lived between the Eocene and Pleistocene epochs, or 53 to 1 million years ago. Their recurve teeth are prized by fossil collectors because of their relative absence from the fossil record. This scarcity isn’t due to a limited range, but rather from a perceived open ocean lifestyle, unlike many other shark species whose teeth appear frequently at coastlines.

Parotodus teeth are recovered from fossil deposits both in and around the Pacific and Indian Oceans. While the occasional Parotodus tooth is found on a continental coastline, most often they will be dredged from the undersea nodules of deposits on mid-ocean islands. These occurrences further the idea that Parotodus lived its life in the open ocean, much like modern blue sharks.

The distinctly sickle-shaped curve of Parotodus teeth make them easily identifiable, with only a slight resemblance to those of C. planus. This attractive curve and relative lack of feeding damage are major draws for fossil collectors who seek out these rare teeth. Paleontologists are inclined to believe that Parotodus teeth maintained such good condition by feeding on soft-bodied animals for the majority of their diet.

Over geologic time Parotodus increased in size from a relatively small stature to upwards of 25 feet in length, making it one of the biggest sharks in the Neogene. Given this estimate, scientists place Parotodus in the mega-tooth shark category, shared by white sharks and threshers. This classification should be taken with a grain of salt, as Parotodus fossils are very rare and ambiguous when they are discovered.

Parotodus benedini
River in South Carolina
Hawthorn Formation
2.75" long
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