1.5" Anatase Crystal and Quartz Association - Norway

This beautiful specimen contains an association of a metallic, twinned anatase crystal and quartz crystals. The crystals formed from a schist matrix that was collected from Hardangervidda, Norway. The anatase crystal on this specimen measures in at .4" long.

Anatase is a mineral composed of titanium dioxide that typically forms dipyramidal crystals, although variations can occur with mineral clumping. Four-pointed, X-shaped anatase crystals, while rare, have been found and are known as "X-shaped penetration twins". Horizontal striations can be seen across most anatase mineral faces and most crystals end in points, or with variations of flattening on each end. It can be found in a variety of colors, from browns and reds to greens and pinks, and can be colorless in very rare cases. However, it is most commonly black or other very dark colors due to impurities.

Quartz is the name given to silicon dioxide (SiO2) and is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's crust. Quartz crystals generally grow in silica-rich environments--usually igneous rocks or hydrothermal environments like geothermal waters--at temperatures between 100°C and 450°C, and usually under very high pressure. In either case, crystals will precipitate as temperatures cool, just as ice gradually forms when water freezes. Quartz veins are formed when open fissures are filled with hot water during the closing stages of mountain formation: these veins can be hundreds of millions of years old.
Anatase & Quartz
Hardangervidda, Norway
Entire specimen 1.5 x 1.2", .4" longest crystal