1.6" Magnetite, Diopside, Garnet & Biotite Association - Afghanistan

This is a gorgeous, 1.6" wide association of yellow-green diopside crystals, andradite garnets, magnetite crystals and biotite clusters. This mineral association was collected from Khogyani, Afghanistan and is in great condition. The magnetite has wonderful magnetic properties.

Diopside is a pyroxene mineral with the chemical formula MgCaSi₂O₆. It is often found as small green crystals within metamorphic and igneous rocks, though it can vary in color including yellow, brown, and black. It is an important indicator rock when searching for deep-source volcanic pipes that may or may not contain diamonds. Geologists searching for these pipes often look for diopside crystal fragments, since they form in nearly the same atmospheric conditions and locations as diamonds. Diopside with deep green coloration is known as chrome diopside.

Magnetite is an iron oxide mineral with the chemical formula Fe₃O₄. It the most magnetic naturally occurring mineral on Earth and is an important iron ore. It has an iron content of up to 72.4 percent, which explains why it is such a commonly mined iron ore. Magnetite can be found in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rock.

Andradite is a species of the garnet group, and although not as well-known as some other types of garnets, such as Almandine or pyrope, it is the most lustrous. It tends to be opaque, so most andradite is not gemstone-quality. It occurs in skarns developed in contact-metamorphosed impure limestones or calcic igneous rocks; in chlorite schists and serpentinites; and in alkalic igneous rocks, often titaniferous.

Andradite comes in three varieties: melanite, colored by titanium substitutions for iron in its formula; topazolite, a rare and yellow-green variety; and demantoid, a striking green variety that is one of the world's rarest and most valuable gemstones.

Garnets are nesosilicates with the general formula X3Y2(SiO4)3. There are many species of garnet, including pyrope, almandine, spessartine, uvarovite, andradite, and grossular (varieties of which are hessonite, cinnamon-stone and tsavorite). Garnets are found in a wide variety of colors including red, orange, yellow, green, purple, brown, blue, black, pink, and colorless, though reddish shades are the most common.

Magnetite, Diopside, Garnet var. Andradite & Mica var. Biotite
Khogyani, Afghanistan
1.6 x 1.1"