3.25" Fossil Sawfish (Onchopristis) Rostral Barb - Morocco

This is a 3.25" long rostral barb/tooth from an extinct, giant sawfish (Onchopristis numidus). It was collected from the Kem Kem Beds in Taouz, Morocco.

Due to the delicate nature of these barbs they almost always come out of the ground in multiple pieces, requiring repair. The barb has several repaired cracks through it.

Onchopristis, or “giant saw”, is a genus of extinct giant sawskate that lived during the Upper Cretaceous in what is now North Africa. It had a long, hard, shovel-shaped snout called a rostrum. The saw-like rostrum, lined on both sides with modified tooth-like structures with hooks and barbs called denticles. Onchopristis used its intimidating, 2-meter long rostrum to unearth crustaceans at the bottom of shallow waters like sawfish do today.

With the modern sawfish, the rostrum is covered with electrosensitive pores that allow the sawfish to detect slight movements of prey hiding in the muddy sea floor. The rostrum also serves as a digging tool. Should suitable prey try to swim past, the normally lethargic sawfish springs from the bottom and slashes at it with its saw. Sawfish also defend themselves with their rostrum against intruding predators such as sharks.

The bizarre-looking Onchopristis were frequently torn apart by Spinosaurus when this enormous ray traveled up freshwater streams to breed and lay eggs. Onchopristis probably lived in schools. Crocodiles, Spinosaurus and other fish-eating theropods would have feasted on the 8-meter long rays.

The Kem Kem Group is famous for yielding a diverse Late Cretaceous vertebrate assemblage, including fish, reptiles, and dinosaurs such as Spinosaurus. These fossils are found in a thin bed that outcrops around the edge of a large plateau near Taouz, Morocco. Local miners collect these fossils by digging narrow tunnels by hand into this plateau, following the layer.

A paper on this assemblage can be found at: Vertebrate assemblages from the early Late Cretaceous of southeastern Morocco: An overview

One of the tunnels dug into the Kem Kem beds by local miners following the productive fossil beds.
One of the tunnels dug into the Kem Kem beds by local miners following the productive fossil beds.
Onchopristis numidus
Taouz, Kem Kem Basin, Morocco
Kem Kem Beds
3.25" long
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