4.41" Fossil Chubutensis Tooth - Megalodon Ancestor

This is a 4.41" long Carcharocles chubutensis tooth collected from a river in Georgia. The preservation of these serrations is excellent, however there is some chipping of the serrations along the distal end of the tooth.

Carcharocles chubutensis is a terrifying prehistoric megatooth shark that lived roughly 28-5 million years ago. This formidable beast, estimated at 35-40 feet of jaw-snapping horror, shares infamy with the Megalodon. Its coexistence with Megalodon during the Miocene (23 mya) and Pliocene (5.3-1.7 mya) epochs, as well as similarities in their dentition, has brought about taxonomy debate worthy of this giant apex predator.

Like the Megalodon only smaller, C. chubutensis used serrated teeth to grab and rip apart fish, sea turtles, whales, and sirenids (sea cows). Habitat preferences may have changed through time, or C. chubutensis may have had enough behavioral flexibility to occupy different habitats as the ecology changed.

A prolific survivor, C. chubutensis stalked and shredded across the warmer reaches of the globe during the Oligocene, Miocene, and Pliocene. These epochs are marked by progressively developing icecaps and changes in ocean currents while tectonics aligned the continents to their modern positions.

The cartilaginous nature of the megatooth shark's skeleton limits fossil evidence to tooth morphology and some vertebral centra. Based on dentition, C. chubutensis is believed by many to be closely related to Megalodon and may have been a direct ancestor or a co-existing morpho-species. Its serrated transitional teeth suggest that of an ancient mackerel shark.

Otodus evolved from the Paleocene (65 mya) into the Carcharocles lineage. C. chubutensis teeth have two small cusps at the base of the tooth and are comparatively slender with a curved crown and feebly serrated lateral heels. Megalodon teeth generally have a straight edge from tip to base. However, commonality of teeth during growth further muddies the taxonomic waters.

Fossils of this species have been found in North America, South America, and Europe.

Carcharocles chubutensis
River in Georgia
4.41" long
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