4.1" Gemmy, Blue-Green Vivianite Crystals with Ludlamite - Brazil

This is an absolutely gorgeous cluster of blue-green vivianite crystals on a phosphate matrix, collected from the Cabeça do Cachorro Claim along the Cauaburi river of State of Amazonas, Brazil. The crystals are in excellent condition and have an exceptional luster. Their color stands out when holding them in front of a light source. Green ludlamite crystal clusters can be found across the matrix, adjacent to the vivianite crystals.

Vivianite is a hydrous iron phosphate mineral that appears in flat, prismatic crystals. This mineral is highly sought after for its deep teal coloring and crisp translucence. It looks like a mystical glass that may be found in a fantasy movie. While it is commonly an iron phosphate mineral, occasionally the iron ion maybe substituted for magnesium, calcium, or manganese.

Even though it is prized for its color, it does not begin its existence in a glassy blue-green state. Vivianite is originally completely clear. However, when exposed to light, the crystals begin a chemical reaction, converting the iron(ii) ion into the iron(iii) ion. When this happens the mineral gradually shifts to a blue and then into a blue-green and keeps deepening in color until it is almost opaque black. Vivianite will color shift at different rates depending on the amount and intensity of the light it is exposed to. Therefore it is never truly stable, but as long as its exposure time is limited it should remain a consistent color for quite some time.

The highest quality vivianite crystals typically appear within hydrothermal veins. However, vivianite is occasionally found in association with fossils, especially lining the shells of bivalves or gastropods. A mummified steppe bison discovered in Alaska was coated in blue-green vivianite crystal oxidation, lending the specimen the nickname "Blue Babe".

Vivianite & Ludlamite
Cabeça do Cachorro Claim, São Gabriel da Cachoeira, Amazonas State, Brazil
Entire specimen: 4.1 x 1.5"