3.7" Carcharodontosaurus Phalange (Toe Bone) - Morocco

 
 
 
This is a very nice, 3.7" long phalange (toe bone) of Carcharodontosaurus from Morocco. It is in excellent condition with a small area of fill on the distal end where it engages the next bone. This specimen represents the first phalange of the forth digit (outside toe) of the left foot.

Carcharodontosaurus comprised a genus of dinosaurs that dominated the land between 100-93 million years ago, during the mid-Cretaceous Period. This genus is currently known to include two gigantic species, which were among the largest known predatory dinosaurs. There were immense as the genera Tyrannosaurus and Giganotosaurus, but not as colossal as Spinosaurus.

An artists reconstruction of Carcharodontosaurus.  By Nobu Tamura
An artists reconstruction of Carcharodontosaurus. By Nobu Tamura


Along with the spinosaurids, carcharodontosaurids were the largest predators in the early and middle Cretaceous throughout Gondwana, with species also present in North America (Acrocanthosaurus), and Asia (Shaochilong). Various scientists submit length estimates for C. saharicus ranging between 12 and 13 m (39-43.5 ft) and weight estimates between 6 and 15 metric tons.





Carcharodontosaurids were a scourge of the land as giant, shark-toothed terrors in a world of monsters. Though spinosaurids would have been a formidable enemy, they may have occupied a semi-aquatic niche which reduced competition. Both giant hunters also shared their world with menacing, 30 foot ancient crocodiles that had a taste for dinosaur.

Past the Turonian (93.9-89.8 mya), Carcharodontosaurus might have been replaced by the smaller abelisaurids in Gondwana and by tyrannosaurids in North America and Asia. The disappearance of carcharodontosaurids, spinosaurids and other fauna in Gondwana and across the world, suggests a global replacement event. Despite the event, fossils discovered in Brazil which appear to be carcharodontosaurids, indicate some survivors of this group until the latest stage of the Cretaceous.

The Kem Kem Beds are famous for yielding a diverse, Late Cretaceous, vertebrate assemblage including fish, reptiles and dinosaurs such as Spinosaurus. These fossils are found in a thin bed that outcrops around the edge of a large plateau near Taouz, Morocco. Local miners collect these fossils by digging narrow tunnels by hand into this plateau following the layer.

A paper on this assemblage can be found at: Vertebrate assemblages from the early Late Cretaceous of southeastern Morocco: An overview

One of the tunnels dug into the Kem Kem beds by local miners following the productive fossil beds.
One of the tunnels dug into the Kem Kem beds by local miners following the productive fossil beds.
FOR SALE
$285
DETAILS
SPECIES
Carcharodontosaurus sp.
LOCATION
Taouz, Morocco
FORMATION
Kem Kem Beds
SIZE
3.7" long
CATEGORY
SUB CATEGORY
ITEM
#116845
GUARANTEE
We guarantee the authenticity of all of our
specimens. Read more about our
Authenticity Guarantee.