5.2" Long Scytalocrinus Crinoid - Crawfordsville, Indiana

This is a large, and very 3d, 5.2" long Scytalocrinus robustus crinoid from Crawfordsville, Indiana. The quality of preparation on this fossil is exquisite - using skillful air-abrasion techniques under a stereo microscope. There is also a smaller Hypselocrinus indianaensis crinoid present on the piece, along with some other stem sections. Two repaired cracks in the rock.

It is believed that crinoids from the Ramp Creek Limestone were buried in sediment from nearby deltas during storms. The resulting siltstone deposits are soft enough that fossils can be extracted in exquisite, three-dimensional relief.

Crinoids, sometimes commonly referred to as sea lilies, are animals, not plants. They are echinoderms related to starfish, sea urchins, and brittle stars. Many crinoid traits are like other members of their phylum; such traits include tube feet, radial symmetry, a water vascular system, and appendages in multiples of five (pentameral). They first appeared in the Ordovician (488 million years ago) and some species are still alive today.

Scytalocrinus robustus & Hypselocrinus indianaensis
Crawfordsville, Indiana
Edwardsville Formation
Crinoid 5.2" long on 5.75x4.6" limestone
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